12/9/17 química la química es la ciencia que estudia la materia, su composición, la organización de los elementos que la forman las transformaciones que. Isomería C8H FR. Felipe Rodriguez. Updated 14 November Transcript. Isómeros. C8H A continuación,. observarán.. La fórmula. -Isomería estructural- Ejemplo: La isomería estructural es importante dentro del estudio de la química orgánica ya que permite conocer la.

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Cyclohexanes with tertiary-butyl substituents show that an axial t-butyl group is severely hindered.

Estructura y Estereoquímica de Alcanos – ppt video online descargar

Looking down the C1-C2 bond of the organkca conformation, we find that the methyl group quimiva anti to C3. When a bond of propane rotates, the torsional energy varies much like it does in ethane, but with 0. Totally Eclipsed Conformation of Butane Caption: Comparison of the boiling points of the unbranched alkanes blue with those of some branched alkanes red. Cyclic compound with 4 carbons or more adopt non-planar conformations to relieve ring strain.

Some common alkyl groups and their names.

ORGÂNICA – Isomeria | Flashcards

The different arrangement formed by rotations about a single bond are called conformations, and a specific is called conformer. The totally eclipsed conformation is about 1. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. Newman Projection of Methylcyclohexane: Conformational Analysis of Ethane Caption: To convert between these two conformations, isimeria molecule must pass through the unstable half-chair conformation.


Viewed from the Newman projection, the chair conformation has no eclipsing of the carbon-carbon bonds. Chair Conformations of cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclohexane Caption: Angle strain in cyclopropane. Structures of some cycloalkanes.

The angle strain and the torsional strain in cyclopropane make this ring size extremely reactive. Two chair conformations are possible for cis-1,3-dimethylcyclohexane.

Conformational energy of cyclohexane. Newman Projections of Butane Caption: The simplest alkane is methane, CH4.

ORGÂNICA – Isomeria

The staggered conformations are lower in energy than the eclipsed conformation because the staggering allows the electron clouds of the C-H bonds to be as far apart as possible. There are two possible geometric isomers for decalin: Since the methyl group occupies more space than a hydrogen, the torsional strain will be 0.

An equatorial methyl group will be anti to the C3. The C-C bond distance is 1. Chair interconversion would still produce an axial and an equatorial methyl.

The Newman Projection of Propane Caption: Esta interferencia es llamada interacciones 1,3-diaxial. There is steric hindrance between these hydrogens so the molecule twists a little producing the twist boat conformation which is 1.


Boat Conformation of Cyclohexane Caption: Conformations of Cyclobutane Caption: The melting point curve for n-alkanes with even numbers of carbon atoms is slightly higher than that for alkanes with odd numbers of carbons.

The other eclipsed conformations are lower in energy than the totally eclipsed conformation but are still more unstable than the staggered conformations. La eclipsada es 3. Angle strain and torsional strain account for the high reactivity of 4-membered rings.

The Newman projection is the best way to judge the stability of the different conformations of a molecule. The unfavorable conformation has both methyl groups in axial positions, with a 1,3-diaxial interaction between them. Compare this actual structure with the hypothetical planar structure in Figure Much like ethane the staggered organca of propane is lower in energy than the eclipsed conformations.

The angle compression for butane is