The Arabic philosophical fable Hayy Ibn Yaqzan is a classic of medieval Islamic philosophy. Ibn Tufayl (d. ), the Andalusian philosopher, tells of a child. : Hayy Ibn Yaqzan (): Ibn Tufayl, Ibn Tufail, Lenn Evan Goodman: Books. Although Ibn Tufayl’s philosophical tale Hayy ibn Yaqzan is one of the most famous medieval Arabic stories to reach the West, precious little is known about the.

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Hayy is now at this stage as he purifies his body and engages in ascetic habits. How are we to know God? He mentions three distinct men: Avicenna taught himself and so therefore could Hayy Ibn Yaqzan. Hayy soon fashioned himself a home and learned to control fire for warmth. Prejudice, authority, necessity, example, all the social conditions tufal which we are plunged, would stifle nature in him and put turayl in her place. Now it is neither shorter nor longer than the uncut line.

In any case, the universal teaching of Hayy ibn Yaqzan attracted non-Muslims. Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. Absal encourages Hayy to teach his spiritual methods to Absal’s curious friends and Hayy is enthusiastic.

Within the field of philosophy of religion, there is an intellectual engagement regarding the nature of God, whether God exists, and, if He does exist, what does this mean for us as human beings and our relation to such a Being, given the seeming distance between the contingent, mortal, flawed, and fragile being that is Man, and the necessary, immortal, perfect Being that is God.

Ibn Tufayl attempts to show that natural reason alone can engender ethics and a knowledge of the universe that is in harmony with revelation, in this case the revealed scriptures of Islam.


They achieved a high level in that field but could do no more. The colours he encountered would tyfayl to the guidelines that had been sketched out for him.

Nothing New Under the Sun

In Hayy ibn Yaqzanhe explores some of the most pressing questions of his day about philosophy and religion through the medium of imaginative fiction. By the age of 42, Hayy is able to have a direct experience of God and devotes the iibn of his life in retreat from the physical world. Crusoe has already brought his cultural and social values with him, and they are merely suspended on the island, while Crusoe awaited rescue and return to society.

And then the story ends. The splendor, perfection, and beauty he saw in the essence of that sphere were too magnificent to be described and too delicate to be clothed in written or spoken words.

Hayy ibn Yaqzan: A Philosophical Novel by Ibn Tufayl | Roy Jackson –

But the joy, delight and bliss of this ecstasy are such that no one who has reached it or even come near it can keep the secret or conceal the mystery. Through abstinence, self-discipline, prayer and meditation he eventually found the peace of mind that his material success had not provided him, and this work, Deliverance, describes how he achieved direct knowledge of God through marifa.

His most famous work is the eight-volume Arcana Coelestia Secrets of Heaven,which gives accounts of his journeys through the spirit world where he visited heaven and hell and conversed with angels and demons, all of whom are the departed spirits of human beings or the inhabitants of other planets.

He confuses and confounds time, place, and natural conditions. Knowledge in the Alexander romance comes through instruction and convention; in Hayy ibn Yaqzanit is acquired naturally. The ultimate goal then of a human is to escape the prison of the body.


The second part of Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan makes a thoughtful foray into the social dimension of his now finely-honed protagonist, anticipating what the later writers cited above do in laying out social consequences for their respective protagonists.

Hahy -“Always Have a Reason”.

One day however, a fire arises on the island by friction, and he was frightened, having never seen flames before. Humans are social animals and cannot become Einsteins of their own accord. It was inthe year of the Almohad conquest of al-Andalus, that Ibn Tufayl journeyed to Marrakesh to seek a career at the nascent Almohad court, becoming a secretary inthen court physician a decade later.

He concluded that the thing that had abandoned it before its own house came to ruin, would not return now that the body was mangled as it was. After breaking through the pericardium, he opens up the heart and finds that it has two halves, one of which is full of congealed blood, the other…empty.

Absal was attracted to the uninhabited island and went “to live there in solitude. Is the concept of God self-evident or derived through rational speculation?

This vigorous school of thought had mastered the Greeks but also criticized logic and mathematics, affirming the human soul’s innate capacity ibm discover not only natural law but to reach the most abstruse mystical doctrine. According to Hayy, if people understood the truth as he had come to know it, they would not quibble over money or own personal property and would take only what was necessary to survive.