Decorticate posture is an abnormal posturing in which a person is stiff with bent arms, clenched fists, and legs held out straight. The arms are. Decorticate posturing means rubrospinal tract is the dominant output an example of rigidity in neurology is Parkinson’s disease, which is the. Decerebrate rigidity (DR) in humans results from a midbrain lesion and is manifested by an exaggerated extensor posture of all extremities. It is characterized by.

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Fairly sure he will have a great read. Opisthotonus Sensory processing disorder: The brain computed tomography CT image at onset and admission time.

Abnormal posturing – Wikipedia

Biology Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled. Really enjoyed reading this page.

So when there is a lesion of the upper motor neuron the UMN is the corticospinal tract and it’s collaterals to the brainstem motor nuclei the clinical findings are a combination of the loss of direct effect of the corticospinal tract on the LMN plus the loss of control and modulation of the indirect brainstem motor control centers.

Also why is only Decorticate Rigidity a misnomer? The most common cause of DR in humans is trauma. Decorticate posture is an abnormal posturing in which a person is stiff with bent arms, clenched fists, and legs held out straight. Brainstem Motor Control Centers video. There may be brain and nervous system injury and permanent brain damage, which can lead to: Table of Contents Alerts.

The patient is usually severely rigid, with the teeth clenched. Question is, in decorticate rigidity, the cerebral cortex is damaged. The passive ROM of both elbow joints also improved during the 41 sessions, and notably, the passive ROM of the left elbow joint showed a normal value at the endpoint. Reticulospinal tracts control gamma motor neurons.


Decerebrate – The lesion happens below the red nucleus therefore the rubrospinal spinal tract is not functioning – Extensor Response. Decorticate posturing means rubrospinal tract is the dominant output to the motor neurons of the body In our case, treatment with conventional therapy drugs and physical therapy for decorticate rigidity did not result in improvement, but improvement was noted in the rigidity of the upper limbs after treatment with electro-acupuncture.

Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Decorticate rigidity exhibited as flexion of the upper limbs and extension of the lower limbs indicates damage in the cerebral hemispheres, the internal capsule, and the thalamus.

Abnormal posturing of any kind usually occurs with a reduced level of alertness.

Decorticate posture usually results from stroke or head injury. Is there a pattern to the episodes?

Decorticate and Decerebrate Rigidity. Abnormal Posturing.

Situated below the section from higher inhibitory controls. This post could not be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!

Not sure if this helps but its what i know after reading my class decirticate on reticular formation. Abnormal posturing is an indication of severe brain injury which can result in coma. While legs are fully extended and stiffened with feet internal rotation and plantarflexed.

Case Reports in Medicine

Myopathic gait Trendelenburg gait Pigeon gait. In children younger than age two, posturing is not a reliable finding because their nervous systems are not yet developed.


It is characterized by shortening and lengthening reactions and can be modified by tonic neck, labyrinthine Magnus-de Kleijnand phasic spinal reflexes. One of these studies [ 4 ] has suggested that high-frequency and low-strength electro-acupuncture on LI11, LI10, TE5, and LI4 can reduce rigidity of the upper decorticae in stroke patients. Another thing which I would like to correct, Red Nucleus is not a part of basal ganglia, but a part of extrapyramidal system.

Laboratory data did not reveal abnormal values for all items. We believe that electro-acupuncture may be an alternative for treating decorticate rigidity in elderly people undergoing dialysis. Decerebrate posturing indicates brain stem damage, specifically damage below the level of the red nucleus e.

While decorticate posturing is still an ominous sign of severe brain damagedecerebrate posturing ritidity usually indicative of more severe damage at the rubrospinal tract, and hence, the red nucleus is also involved, indicating a lesion lower in the brainstem.

UMN Syndrome Important point to remember: Reflexes intact, only UMN damaged. Williams flexion exercises focus on placing the lumbar spine in a flexed position to reduce excessive lumbar lordotic stresses. Control Circuits Decortivate, we need to add two “control circuits” that influence the corticospinal tract- the basal ganglia and the cerebellum.

The patient was treated for 41 days, and the results are presented graphically rigiditj Figures 12and 3. The reason for decerebrate rigidity is release of the centres.