Anthracosis is black pigment discoloration of bronchi which can cause bronchial destruction and deformity (anthracofibro- sis). A prospective, case-control study. Comert et al., J Pulmonar Respirat Med , bronchoscopical findings of patients with bronchial anthracosis. Methods: Among I read the manuscript “Bronchial Anthracosis-Anthracofibrosis: Potential patients with anthracosis were included. J Pulmonar Respirat Med ; 2: 2.

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Proposed etiological factors Dust The exact reason of anthracosis and the origin of anthracotic nodule have yet to be discovered. Bronchial lavage BL was performed and samples were sent to investigate the presence of mycobacterium tuberculosis. Many of these cases were also reported in association with tuberculosis 49 Gk, anthrax, coal, osis, condition. To measure the association between two main variables, Odds ratio was calculated. Histopathology of BAF, A Anthracotic nodule in cytoplasm of macrophages; B Collagen deposition in bronchial biopsy of a patient who suffered from anthracofibrosis.

Cavitary lesions on chest radiography, positive purified protein derivative tests and high ESR were more prevalent in tuberculous patients than the others. Furthermore, some investigators have attempted to explain the pathophysiology of anthracosis, including bronchial narrowing, lymph node enlargement with or without calcification and susceptibility to TB and malignancy on the basis of biomass smoke inhalation 8.

These findings are completely distinct from the histopathological findings of COPD as the most important clinical differential diagnosis of BAF.


This is in contrast to subjects with endobronchial TB who tend to have limited ipsilateral irregular bronchial stenosis, especially in the lobar bronchus and it can extend to contiguous bronchus and pulmonqr. Mirsadraee M, Saeedi P. In a study, lobectomy was done on two BAF subjects and fibrosis of the bronchi and reactive hyperplasia with anthracotic pigmentation were the major histopathological findings Sigari et al Information regarding the lesions and their locations was recorded.

Pergamon press; NewYork, Bronchial anthracosis BA is a bronchoscopic finding described by the advancement of dim pigments on airways and bronchial mucosa leading to bronchial damage, metamorphosis and obliteration. The risk of TB increased in anthracosis with a cumulated odds ratio of 3.

Pathology Anthracosis involvement mainly starts from the respiratory bronchioles 44 Cooking fuel smoke and respiratory symptoms among women in low-income areas in Maputo.

Antracoiss in periodicals archive? Mediastinal calcification wide non-filled arrow and mass lesion in parenchyma narrow antrafosis arrowB: The clinical investigation for determining the etiology of bronchial anthracofibrosis.

Anthracosis | definition of anthracosis by Medical dictionary

Indoor smoke exposure and risk of anthracosis. Bronchopulmonary disease in Iranian housewives chronically exposed to indoor smoke. Loose body in the main bronchus due to broncholithiasis. Rhinonyssidaein canaries Serinus canaria with concurrent infection with Staphylococcus aureus and Macrorhabdus ornithogaster.

Occupational atnracosis to carbon, silica, and quartz particles are predisposing factors for bronchial anthracosis. Anthracosis definition of anthracosis by Medical dictionary https: The presenting signs and symptoms of the patients are shown in Table 1. This disease usually presents with a chronic course of dyspnea and or cough in an elderly non-smoker woman or man.


Since the number of people in contact with tuberculosis was higher in the bronchial anthracosis group, tentatively, eliminating those with a history of contact with TB led to a reduction in anteacosis incidence of tuberculosis in the bronchial anthracosis group from Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. Sigari N, Mohammadi S. Indoor smoke exposure and risk of anthracosis. Acknowledgment The author wishes to thank Mrs.

Compare with “pneumoconiosis of coal workers” and “anthracosilicosis. In other studies, indoor exposure to wood smoke phlmonar to bread baking in traditional ovens increased the risk of BAF by 4.

The clinical course of EBTB is variable because interaction between the effect of mycobacteria, host immunity, and anti-tuberculosis drugs is complex, and any variation in these three factors may result in an altered course.


Unilateral pulmonary involvements were also separated from bilateral involvements. Detailed examinations for the presence of active tuberculosis should be performed in patients with such bronchoscopic findings in order to uplmonar the spread of tuberculosis and to avoid unnecessary invasive procedures.

Pneumonoconiosis from accumulation of carbon from inhaled smoke or coal dust antracosus the lungs. In a study by Mirsadraee et al. Zahra Mercedes Gonzalez for precise English editing of this article. Na et al