Secondary angle closure glaucoma resulting from total anterior synechia leads to gradual bulging of the cornea. Corneal exposure can result in chronic keratitis. Looking for online definition of anterior staphyloma in the Medical Dictionary? anterior staphyloma explanation free. What is anterior staphyloma? Meaning of. histopathological features of congenital corneal staphyloma are discussed, as well as the possible anteroposterior length, with an abnormal anterior segment .

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Our patient admitted to smoking crack cocaine for staphyloa months and also on the day of admission. Normal and abnormal development congenital deformities In: His left eye was stable. The appearance of the protruded area was similar to a blueberry in color, size, and shape Figure 1. Services on Demand Journal. Congenital malformations of cornea associated with embryonic arrest of ectodermal and mesodermal structures. How to cite this article. The conjunctiva was closed, and subconjunctival antibiotics and steroids were injected.

A year-old black staphgloma presented with a 4-week history of a foreign body sensation, redness, and pain in his right eye. At this time, the patient agreed to surgical intervention.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res. Left eye examination revealed inferior superficial punctate keratopathy without the evidence staphylona an infection.

American Academy of Ophthalmology. A month-old boy was referred to the Oculoplastic Clinic at Labbafinejad Medical Center for anteior of a bulging and deformed blind left eye. Most Viewed content is not available. Over the next 4 months, the patient also noticed the onset of decreasing visual antdrior in his right eye OD. Repair of anterior staphyloma with dehydrated dura mater patch graft. The corneal stroma was edematous, vascularized and diffusely infiltrated by acute and chronic inflammatory cells.


It results due to ectasia of weak scar tissue formed at the limbus, following healing of a perforating injury or a peripheral corneal ulcer.

anterior staphyloma

This is the first case that is associated with anterior staphyloma. No specific financial support was available for this study. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The stroma is edematous, vascu-larized and diffusely infiltrated by acute and chronic inflammatory cells. Cocaine can exert a direct staphylomaa effect on the cornea by damaging epithelial plasma membranes and dtaphyloma, or the repeated exposure to cocaine may result in decreased corneal sensation and poor blink reflex; moreover, the alkaline nature of crack cocaine could cause low-grade chemical burns to the cornea.

The lens was atrophic and had transformed to a knob-like structure adhering to the posterior cornea Fig. The opaque cornea showed surface keratinization and a cystic forward projection measuring 16 mm.

Clinical aspects of congenital anomalies of the cornea and sclera; pp. Read our important medical disclaimer. A staphyloma is an abnormal protrusion of the uveal tissue through a weak point in the eyeball. It is diagnosed by ophthalmoscopy, which shows an area of retinal excavation in the region of the staphyloma. What Are Choroidal Neovascular Membranes? Congenital corneal staphyloma is characterized by total corneal opacification, ectasia and forward protrusion between the eyelids. Ophthalmic Anterioe Lasers Imaging.


Combined, all these potential factors create a favorable environment for infections. External disease and cornea.

Slit-lamp examination of the right eye revealed an inflamed conjunctiva, a total epithelial defect, anterkor large 5.

Corneal exposure can result in chronic keratitis, epithelial metaplasia and keratinization.

When the cornea perforates, the iris plugs the wound, and a pseudocornea forms over the iris. Initially, his visual acuity was light perception in OD, and slit-lamp examination revealed a corneal infiltrate with a peripheral perforation and an iris prolapse.

None of the authors have any potential conflicts of interest to disclose. He staphylomz the result of a normal full-term pregnancy and there had been no ocular discharge at birth. Report of two cases. Not every question will receive a direct response from an ophthalmologist.

What is staphyloma? – American Academy of Ophthalmology

At this time, his cornea had developed an anterior staphyloma and required a sclerokeratoplasty. Following surgery, the antterior was again lost to follow-up. Please review our privacy policy. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. There may be associated secondary angle closure glaucoma, may cause progression of the bulge if not treated.